The characteristic color pattern, dark colored body and yellow to orange bands on it gives look like the tiger’s color pattern so they got the name, ‘TIGER SNAKE ’.
The Tiger snakes are massive venomous snakes of Australia : Southeastern Australia and Southwestern Australia.
Tiger Snake Facts
All tiger snakes belong to the genus Notechis in the family Elapidae, but the widely dispersed populations and their diverse characteristics have lead to them being described as distinct species and or into several subspecies.
They show a high variance in their size color and pattern, although they often display a banded pattern like a tiger, hence their common name, patternless individuals are also common.
The Tiger Snakes have very different color pattern.
- COMMON TIGER SNAKE: the body color is brown, olive green with lighter creamy or yellow cross bands.
- WESTERN TIGER SNAKE: The body color is metallic blue to black with bright yellow bands and sometimes unbanded.
- CHAPPELL ISLAND TIGER SNAKE: The body color is olivaceous to black with lighter bands.
- KING ISLAND AND TASMANIAN TIGER SNAKE: The body color is dark black with lighter bands.
- PENINSULAR TIGER SNAKE: The body color is completely black with white or cream bands.
The tiger snake is more active during the warmer months, in cooler weather, they aestivate in animal burrows as deep as 1.2m, under large boulders or dead trees. But they may also be found basking outside on warmer winter days.
The Tiger Snake lives in wide range in Western Australia to the South Australia, Tasmania ,Victoria, South Wales, Bass trait Islands, Queensland. They are widely dispersed in Australia.
They live in areas associated with water, they live in coastal areas, wetlands, creeks.
DIET AND BEHAVIOUR
The Tiger Snakes hunt the prey at the daytime, they feed on amphibians. They also eat small mammals, bats, lizards, insects, birds. They are good climbers and swimmer.They can remain underwater for a few minutes.
The Tiger Snakes are aggressive and active. The snakes mostly stay calm and tend to escape when threatened, but if provoked they become defensive, they raise the fore body and hiss loudly , they can aggressively strike the attacker and it may be fatal if not treated.
The Tiger snakes are adapted to the warmer temperatures. In winter they hide in deep burrows and become inactive.
The mating season takes place in spring when males engage in ritualistic combats, lasting as long as seven hours. In these combats they try to press down each other’s head, and sometimes end up intertwined.
Tiger snakes are ovoviviparous, females give birth to live young between late summer and mid-autumn. The clutch size ranges from 10 to 64 younglings, which are born inside a membranous sac, but once they break free they are totally independent.
Threats and Conservation
The Tiger Snake are considered Vulnerable as per IUCN red list. The Tiger Snakes are Threatened by over grazing water pollution, soil erosion and depletion of food sources. The population of Tiger Snakes are decreased.